Interview conducted in 2003 by Ella Levitskaya
Born in Mukachevo, Subcarphatia [Munkacs until 1918, Munkacevo from 1918 till 1939, Munkacs from 1939 till 1945, Mukachevo since 1945.] Mr. Gohman provides detailed descriptions of his home town, where Jews constituted 50% of the population, living alongside Hungarian, Czech and Ukrainian families. The family of his paternal grandfather, a shochet, was religious and he recalls his grandmother being angry when he quit cheder after two weeks. After finishing school, Mr. Gohman became an apprentice to a joiner.
During the Second World War, he was in the ghetto in Mukachevo, then deported to Auschwitz. He worked in Katovice camp until he was taken to Mauthausen in January 1945. Following the liberation of Mauthausen he was taken to a hospital in Hirschwang near Vienna. After the war, he chose to return to Subcarpathia to reunite with his family, not knowing that almost all of them had been exterminated by the Germans. His brother Miklos, however, had survived, they met in Budapest and returned home together. There, they were confronted with the Soviet power and skeptical about it but understood that they had to adjust to life in the USSR. In 1948 he was recruited and served in the Pacific Ocean Navy. He met his wife while in the army, founded a family and after demobilization worked as a driver. 10 pictures illustrate the various chapters of his life story.
Learn more about Tibor Gohman here on the Centropa website.